Pakistan China Gwadar Agreement

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Pakistan China Gwadar Agreement

India, Iran and Afghanistan have also signed an agreement to simplify transit procedures between the three countries. [311] Despite the explicit desire to bypass Pakistan to strengthen economic relations between Iran and India, Indian goods destined for Iran currently do not require transit through Pakistan, as these goods can be exported to Iran via Bandar Abbas, where India currently has diplomatic representation. [321] Bandar Abbas is also considered an important point of the north-south corridor, supported by India and Russia since 2002. [322] [323] Indian goods may also be imported and transported to Iran upon arrival at Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni, near the Iraqi border. Under the CPEC, the two countries signed an economic and technical cooperation agreement[237] as well as a commitment to be “China-Pakistan Joint Cotton Bio-Tech Laboratory”. [55] During Chinese President Xi Jinping`s state visit to Pakistan in April 2015, he wrote in an open editorial: “This will be my first trip to Pakistan, but I feel like I am visiting my own brother`s house.” On April 20, 2015, Pakistan and China signed an agreement to launch work on the $46 billion agreement, which represents about 20% of Pakistan`s GDP,[49] with accelerated “Early Harvest” projects worth about $28 billion by the end of 2018. [50] [51] During Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s visit to India in April 2015, he stated: “We will not grant Pakistani trucks equal access to transit to Central Asia” unless the Pakistani government has accepted India under the Afghanistan-Pakistan transit agreement in 2010. [296] The current transit trade agreement allows Afghanistan access to the port of Karachi to export with India and allows the transit of Afghan goods to any border with Pakistan, but does not guarantee the right of Afghan trucks to cross the Wagah border, and the agreement does not authorize the export of Indian goods to Afghanistan via Pakistan. [297] Due to the continuing tensions between India and Pakistan, the Pakistani government has expressed its dislike for India`s inclusion in trade negotiations with Afghanistan and, as a result, little progress has been made between the Afghan and Pakistani parties.